State law mandates that any city or county that has Zoning Regulations, first adopt a Comprehensive Plan. Once adopted, the plan must be updated a minimum of at least once every five years.
The City of Paducah's Comprehensive Plan was approved by the City Commission on July 16, 2007. The goals and objectives were amended in June 2012 with the plan readopted as a whole in June 2017.
The previous Comprehensive Plan was completed in 1989 and updated every five years.
The -Sidewalk Plan- that addresses existing and future sidewalk and pedestrian corridors was presented at the October 20, 2009, Commission Meeting.
There are many functions of a comprehensive plan; among them are to forge a collective vision as to intentions and will of the community to decide its future, to proactively prepare for the future by creating a plan to guide development in a fiscally responsible manner, and to coordinate public infrastructure investments to ensure adequate provision of public facilities and services.
The Paducah Comprehensive Plan contains many components and serves numerous functions such as providing information, identifying existing conditions and characteristics, and establishing local governmental policies and strategies. The plan is a definitive source of information regarding the existing and future conditions and characteristics of the community. It contains elements addressing those generally described below and provides a wealth of information to serve as a solid foundation for future decision-making relating to community growth and development. A thorough understanding of the community's past, present, and future will be needed to formulate realistic goals, viable objectives, workable policies, and effective action plans.
The 2025 Comprehensive Plan addresses both the physical aspects of community planning, such as land use, community facilities and transportation, as well as the long-term policy guidance that provides a framework for shorter-term decisions regarding development review and approval, budgeting and fiscal management, and capital improvements planning. The adopted Comprehensive Plan also sets the stage for more focused strategic planning efforts on a variety of topics, providing long-term perspective and highlighting how actions in one area, such as future land use, can have implications in other areas, such as parks and open space or infrastructure and public facilities planning.
The emphasis of the plan is to provide the guidance necessary for the community leaders to make informed, rational decisions. While many plans are general (and often times too general to serve their purpose) so as to accommodate the uncertainty of a changing future, the 2025 Comprehensive Plan is sufficiently general yet firm in direction and deliberate in action.
Implementation is emphasized throughout the plan development process. The plan moves beyond the typical goals and objectives to include specific recommendations to address community issues. Plan concepts and proposals will be tested along the way to make sure they are acceptable and that there is a public acceptance and political will to implement and administer them.
The many elements of the comprehensive plan have been divided into the eight basic categories of Community Vision & Goals, Land Use Plan, Transportation Plan, Community Appearance, Growth Analysis, Economic Development, and Implementation Plan. The 2025 Comprehensive Plan will be organized using a hierarchy of guiding principles. A Community Vision will be at the top of the hierarchy.
Goals and objectives help to define the community’s vision by expressing the targets that the community will like to achieve within the respective elements of the plan, such as the pattern and scale of future development, timing and sequencing of annexation, acquisition and development of community parks and open space, preservation of valued lands and natural amenities, and adequate provision of public facilities and services. Goals and objectives also help to establish a basis for the plan’s proposals and recommendations, which form a sound framework for implementation. For each related series of issues that are identified through the discovery and reconnaissance phase, there will be one or more goals written, which are supported by numerous objectives, statements of community policy, and recommended actions. A set of community goals will follow with supportive objectives, policies and actions to form the implementation framework and provide direction for the future growth and development of the community and its extraterritorial jurisdiction. Each element of the plan will have a vision statement that is specific to the element and consistent with the overall vision of the community.
The purpose of this element is to establish the necessary policy guidance that will be used in making decisions about the compatibility and appropriateness of individual developments within the context of the larger community. The land use plan will serve as the policies for directing ongoing development and managing future growth, preserving valued areas and lands, and protecting neighborhoods. The future land use plan map will be supplemented by goals and objectives for the future development pattern, plus more specific policy statements and land use planning criteria that can later be cited as the basis for development review recommendations and decisions for potential zoning or other ordinance revisions.
It is important to acknowledge that the adopted land use plan will largely form the communities’ character. Land uses will be related to community character types allowing citizens to understand, in simple terms, the qualities that form neighborhood character and therefore merit protection. This system also provides standards that can be incorporated into zoning and other development regulations to ensure that a desired community character is achieved or preserved.
Spatial requirements for future land use will be analyzed in relation to available developable areas within urban areas, existing rural communities, and the anticipated extent of future development by Year 2025. The holding capacities of vacant lands, based upon similar development patterns and densities, will be utilized to determine the percent of developed land in the area and specifically to determine when development incentives or annexation may be necessary to meet market demands for new development.
The already completed Paducah-McCracken County Transportation Study (March 2002) was used as the basis of this study. The comprehensive plan analysis will evaluate the transportation plan based upon its relevance to the countywide land use and future growth patterns. Recommended modifications, as necessary, will be identified.
The purpose of this task is to ensure orderly development of the community transportation network considering not only facilities for automobiles but other modes of transportation as well, such as pedestrian and bicycle improvements, freight movement facilities, water transportation, and other mobility issues applicable to the community. Other common problems experienced in developing areas that will be addressed in this element are access management and neighborhood traffic calming.
The Thoroughfare Plan will address not only the foreseeable transportation improvement needs over the 20-year planning period but also includes consideration of requirements for preservation of rights-of-way over a longer term. This right-of-way preservation function of the thoroughfare plan is an important consideration in subdivision platting in order to avoid short sighted development decisions which overlook the opportunity to preserve future rights-of-way needed to accommodate the longer-term development of the area’s arterial and collector thoroughfare system.
The Community Appearance Element would look first to development form and secondly, to the aesthetic treatments that improve the appearance of the visual environment. The form of development (including the scale and bulk of buildings, their three-dimensional form, site placement, location of parking and service areas, amount of imperviousness/landscape surface, and the amount of open space) is first and foremost in the consideration of creating an environment that is both functional and attractive. Once development form is addressed, recommendations would be made for the aesthetic treatments that serve to enhance the built environment, such as landscaping, signage, design treatments, building materials, and other amenities. Community framework areas would be utilized to organize the community according to functional areas, such as gateways and portals, districts, and corridors. The recommendations and provisions would be organized to acknowledge the uniqueness of the framework areas as well as the individuality of each area.
The purpose of this task is to summarize the findings of the prior plan elements and place them within the context of sensible, responsible growth. At the same time, this element seeks to compare the amount of growth anticipated against the space and infrastructure available. The result is a discussion of development practices for both the private and public sectors that can aid in enhancing the physical, social, environmental, and financial conditions of the community, particular over the long-term.
Analysis will be performed for the existing infrastructure system and programmed future improvements to determine the current and forecasted future capacity and its ability to support and sustain the future growth and development of the community. The outcome of this task will be the identification of existing and forecasted future system deficiencies and the necessary system upgrades and future improvements that will be needed to support planned future land use and the desired economic development potential of Paducah, Lone Oak, and McCracken County. Development of projected utility infrastructure needs will be based on the projected future population and the Future Land Use Plan.
This task will also determine whether the public facilities and services managed by Paducah, McCracken County and other public and private entities will be sufficient to serve projected future development, to identify future facility needs, and to develop recommendations for the generalized location of future facilities.
Strategies within the Comprehensive Plan should support regional efforts to strengthen and diversify the economy. Throughout the diagnostic and policy analysis process associated with developing each Comprehensive Plan element, the team will analyze how current conditions, including strengths and weaknesses, and planning objectives affect the region’s ability to grow the economy in ways that are both feasible and compatible with the character of the community. The information context required for this work will come from current economic development studies and market assessments, interviews with knowledgeable individuals and other relevant information provided by local economic development practitioners.
We anticipate devoting particular attention to: the current inventory of industrial space, the airport, downtown, the regional tourism market, and emerging industry clusters that show promise for the region, as well as physical planning components that contribute to the City’s and County’s readiness to accommodate new development. Key considerations will include the provision of sufficient space in appropriate locations on the future land use plan for commercial business parks and industrial districts; ensuring provision of adequate public facilities and services; providing available, affordable, adequate, accessible and quality housing to meet future demands; and creating a sustainable living environment for all residents of the community.
The success of a comprehensive plan in providing the necessary guidance for future growth and development lies in its implementation plan. A successful plan includes an overall vision statement, goals and objectives to articulate the community’s intentions, statements of policy to guide decision making, and specific recommendations. The implementation plan divides the recommended actions into programmatic initiatives; regulations, standards and policies; capital improvements; future plans and studies; and intergovernmental relations, coordination and management. A five-year action plan is assembled and organized into the above categories. An implementation workshop involving the Citizens’ Delegation, local planning and zoning bodies, elected officials and key City staff members is then facilitated for the purpose of determining action priorities; the responsibilities of individual departments, boards or committees; and the timeframe for implementation. The program is prepared in tabular format to serve as an ongoing implementation management tool to account for the status of each action. A reporting function is also embedded in the program to provide a system of accountability.